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Joseph FRIES

Male 1842 - 1922  (~ 79 years)

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  • Name Joseph FRIES  [1, 2, 3, 4
    Born Oct 1842  , , France Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 3, 4
    Gender Male 
    Emigration 12 Dec 1853  New York Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Aboard the ship Rockall, originating in Havre de Grace, France
    Immigration Source: Letter from Mary Lou Fries dated 6Dec2006. “...In a paper that Leo had dictated when he was 89, reads: The Fries’ came from Alsace, Lorane along with 3 other families. They embarked in Nov. 1852 and were 5 weeks on the ocean. After a stormy crossing they landed in Maryland on Dec. 23rd. Their money was all gone except a $1.00 and an axe (sic), so they stopped temporarily with some friends near Pittsburgh. They did any jobs they could find and after they had a little money the men went to Fort Wayne and later walked out to Walnut Corners here in Columbia City. After they had a little money, the women came here to live also.”

    Emmigration from France: Erasmus and family left Havre DeGrace, France and arrived in New York City, New York on 12 December 1853 aboard the ship Rockall. The family include wife Rosa, son Erasmus, daughter Cath, son Joseph, son Xavier, and daughter Rosa. Noted is the fact that Rosa is believed to be a twin; and sister Susan is not with the family. Information has been taken from the ship’s passenger list.

    Family tradition indicates Rosa was a twin, with a sister Susana being born. She must have died prior to their departure from France.

    Erasmus indicated their nationality as French on the passenger list; claiming they spoke the French language, and their allegiance was to Ohio.
    In the 1900 Federal Cenus, Center Townwhip, Grant County, Indiana--Joseph Fries stated that he emmigrated in 1853.
    Military Joseph enlisted in the Whitley County Volunteers on April 21, 1961 during the Civil War, serving about a year and a half with his unit (Company E., 17th Indiana Volunteers, Infantry) serving as a bugler. Not unlike many other young men, Joseph may have left the battlefield and was classified as a deserter (source: Whitley County Genealogical Society webpage listing Whitley County Military service). Prominent historian Newt Gingrich, in his books on the Civil War, sheds light on this issue and points out that many enlisted for short periods of time; conditions were difficult; pay was not often forthcoming when due; and the strains of family survival often played on a soldiers decisions.
    George Fries states that Joe was buried in the National Cemetery in Marion, Indiana.
    Leo Fries states that Joe volunteered to fight Indians after the Civil War with General Sheridan (Cavalry).
    .S. Civil War Soldier Records and Profiles--Ancestry.com--states that a Joseph Fries whose residence was Columbia City, Indiana enlisted in Company E, Indiana 17th Infantry Regiment on 6 Dec 1861. Document further states that this Joseph was Mustered out on 01 Oct 1862.
    Military records located appear to give Joseph two names--Joseph Fries and Joseph Kale. His mother's last name was Koehl, which is similar, and may be where this name came from. It has not been determined if this has been associated with a report found that indicated he deserted the army in October of 1862. George Fries indicated Joseph was buried in the Military cemetery in Marion, Indiana; and his wife applied for a Widow's pension; and the fact that records show he was "mustered out" give credence to a theory that he was not a deserter.
    ===  [5
    Occupation 1880: Constable, St. Claire County, Illinois. Carpenter in later years (Indiana)  [2, 4
    Died 1922  Marion, Grant County, Indiana, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Source: Letter from Leo J. Fries.

    • ===
      Letter from Leo Joseph Fries, undated states the following: "Joe enlisted in Co. E, 17 Ind. Cal. 1861) After the war he volunteered to fight Indians under Sheridan. Seriously woulded in the battle of Beecher Island on the A?? River in Eastern Colorado. apr 1868. He married and lived in Keiner, MIssouri and died in Marion, Indiana 1922. No children.)
      1910 Census for Center Township, Grant County, Indiana states Joseph was in poor health. His age was 68 years. Search for death records after 1910 in Indiana.
      Joseph and Annie were found in the 1880 Census of East Cardondelet, Saint Clair County, Illinois. There is not yet any corroberation of this being the correct Joseph and Ann;but in this record the places of birth for both parents on both sides is identical to what is found elsewhere. Dates for the couple's ages varies a little, with Joseph reportedly being born in 1845 and Annie in 1847. A possibility for this discrepancy may be their desire to change identities as a result of Joseph's categorization as a deserter during the Civil War. And, dates during this time period are often found to be in error, as many had little or no reading or writing skills. Until after the first world war, spelling was phoenetic and dates were approximations.
      The 1920 Census clearly states that French was Joseph's second (first) language, and that both his parents spoke French.
      The 1920 Census states Joseph and Ann lived on Jonesboro Pike (road). [1, 3, 4, 5]
    Person ID I234  Ronald Allen Snowden Family Tree
    Last Modified 1 Jan 2011 

    Father Erasme "Erasmus Xavier" FRIES,   b. 20 Jul 1815, Uhfeltz, Haut-Rin, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Dec 1865, , Whitley County, Indiana, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 50 years) 
    Mother Rose KOEHL,   b. 17 Aug 1814, Uhfeltz, Alsace, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 27 Nov 1888, Columbia City, Whitley County, Indiana Catholic 1-2-16-2 Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 74 years) 
    Married France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    _UID 4898E006813148FA91D3F3E3E2B5FADB609B 
    Passenger list--Ths Ship 'Rockall'
Departed Havre de Grace, France
    Passenger list--Ths Ship "Rockall" Departed Havre de Grace, France
    The Fries family traveled aboard the ship Rockall, landing in New York on the 12th of December, 1953. Family legend has it that they traveled with two other relatives. From birth records we know that children Rose and Suzanne were twins, but Rose is only listed on the ship's manifest. Her age is listed as 2/4 years--or mathematically about six months. Note that the family listed beneath them on the manifest has a daughter aged 2/4, whose name is Suzanne. Additionally, they are from the same area as the Fries, and are bound for the same place in the United States. Follow-up research has not provided a tie; and there appears to be no association. But a connection has not been ruled out.
    Family ID F72  Group Sheet

    Family Ann FAILS,   b. Oct 1844, , , Pennsylvania, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married Abt 1865  Keiner, , Missouri Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    • Location per letter from Leo Fries
    _UID 1D3B35C01F8E40ECA62E1735C1501C198C8F 
    • A marriage occurs in Allen County, Indiana on 5 May 1866 between Joseph Fris and Anne Smith. See Index to Marriage Record, 1824 - 1920 inclusive; available in the county clerk's office. Book 6, page 326. This is the correct timeframe, and Allen County was nearby Columbia City--where the Fries lived. With a wife named Ann--there is a distinct possibility these persons are our people. Leo Fries could have been in error to mention Keiner, Missouri.
    Family ID F250  Group Sheet

  • Histories
    The Battle of Beecher Island
    The Battle of Beecher Island
    According to Leo Fries, the nephew of Joseph Fries: After leaving the fighting of the Civil War Joseph enlisted with General Sheridan to fight indians on the western frontier. According to Leo, Joseph was badly wounded, but survived the fighting. Following is the story of the Battle of Beacher Island.
    In an indecisive but bitterly fought battle at this site, a force of about 50 frontiersmen under Maj. George A. Forsyth engaged more than 1,000 Sioux and Cheyennes, led by Roman Nose, Pawnee Killer, and other chiefs. Pursued all the way from Fort Wallace, Kans., on September 16, 1868, the Indians turned on the troops, who entrenched themselves on a small sandy island in the Arikaree River. During the 9-day siege and the repeated Indian charges that followed, volunteers worked their way through enemy lines to obtain reinforcements from Fort Wallace, 125 miles away, who drove off the Indians. Casualties were heavy on both sides. Half the soldiers were wounded, Forsyth four times. The dead included Roman Nose and Lt. Frederick W. Beecher, after whom the island came to be named. Immediately after this battle, Maj. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan began his 1868-69 winter campaign.

    The island has long since disappeared because of shifting river channels, but a large monument near the post office at the town of Beecher Island commemorates the battle.
    From 'The History of Whitley County'
    From "The History of Whitley County"
    This entry details the military service of Joseph Fries and Franklin Freese; both listed side by side in this document. The name Franklin Freese appears on the Civil War memorial in front of the courthouse; but it does not contain the name of Joseph Fries. Even with differing spellings of the Fries surname, after a thorough examination of many records it is believed that these two were brothers.

    There are conflicting records found in the Civil War records found on Ancestry.com; with one showing Joseph Fries was mustered out at the close of the civil war; and one record indicates he deserted. If he fought with General Sheridan against the indians after the Civil War, as stated in letter by Leo Joseph Fries, then it is unlikely that he was a deserter.

    Joseph also went on to be a constable in Illinois, before settling with his wife to an agrarian lifestyle in Marion, Indiana. A search of military burial records does not turn up an interment for Joseph in the Marion National Cemetery; although George Fries states he is buried there. Further research is warranted.
    Survivors of Company E, 17th Indiana Volunteers
    Survivors of Company E, 17th Indiana Volunteers
    Taken from "The History of Whitley County" the names of Joseph Fries and Franklin Freese are shown as survivors from Company E, 17th Indiana Volunteers. I is unlikely that Joseph would have attended the functions referenced had he been a deserter.

  • Sources 
    1. [S460] 1880 Federal Census--District 42, East Cardondelet, Saint Clair County, Illinois.

    2. [S53] 1900 Federal Census--Center Township, Grant County, Indiana, USA.

    3. [S433] 1910 Federal Census--Center Township, Grant County, Indiana.

    4. [S708] 1920 Federal Census--Center Township, Grant County, Indiana, USA.

    5. [S265] Leo Joseph Fries.